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Japan - an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, east of China, North and South Korea and Russia, the region stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south.
Japan is located in the Japanese archipelago consisting of 6,852 islands. Four major islands - Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku - account for 97% of the total area of the archipelago. Most of the islands mountainous, many volcanic. The highest point in Japan - Fuji Volcano. With a population of more than 127 million people, Japan is the tenth largest population country in the world. Greater Tokyo, which includes the de facto capital of Japan, Tokyo, and several surrounding prefectures, with a population of more than 30 million people is the largest urban agglomeration in the world.
Being a great economic power, Japan ranks second in the world in nominal GDP and a third of GDP calculated by purchasing power parity. Japan is the fourth largest exporter and sixth largest importer.
Japan - a developed country with a very high standard of living (in tenth place on the human development index).
Japan is among the countries-members of the Big Eight and APEC, as well as non-permanent member of UN Security Council. While Japan officially renounced its right to declare war, it has a large, modern army, which is used in self-defense and in peacekeeping operations.
Japan remains the only country in the world against which nuclear weapons were used .